Published on in Vol 9, No 4 (2021): Oct-Dec

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
Effectiveness and Utility of Virtual Reality Simulation as an Educational Tool for Safe Performance of COVID-19 Diagnostics: Prospective, Randomized Pilot Trial

Effectiveness and Utility of Virtual Reality Simulation as an Educational Tool for Safe Performance of COVID-19 Diagnostics: Prospective, Randomized Pilot Trial

Effectiveness and Utility of Virtual Reality Simulation as an Educational Tool for Safe Performance of COVID-19 Diagnostics: Prospective, Randomized Pilot Trial


  1. Polechoński J, Zwierzchowska A, Makioła Ł, Groffik D, Kostorz K. Handheld Weights as an Effective and Comfortable Way To Increase Exercise Intensity of Physical Activity in Virtual Reality: Empirical Study. JMIR Serious Games 2022;10(4):e39932 View
  2. Omlor A, Schwärzel L, Bewarder M, Casper M, Damm E, Danziger G, Mahfoud F, Rentz K, Sester U, Bals R, Lepper P. Comparison of immersive and non-immersive virtual reality videos as substitute for in-hospital teaching during coronavirus lockdown: a survey with graduate medical students in Germany. Medical Education Online 2022;27(1) View
  3. Kim H, Kim E. Effects of Medical Education Program Using Virtual Reality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2023;20(5):3895 View
  4. Ochs C, Sonderegger A. The Interplay Between Presence and Learning. Frontiers in Virtual Reality 2022;3 View
  5. Zikas P, Kateros S, Lydatakis N, Kentros M, Geronikolakis E, Kamarianakis M, Evangelou G, Kartsonaki I, Apostolou A, Birrenbach T, Exadaktylos A, Sauter T, Papapagiannakis G. Virtual Reality Medical Training for COVID-19 Swab Testing and Proper Handling of Personal Protective Equipment: Development and Usability. Frontiers in Virtual Reality 2022;2 View
  6. Eichel V, Brandt C, Brandt J, Jabs J, Mutters N. Is virtual reality suitable for hand hygiene training in health care workers? Evaluating an application for acceptability and effectiveness. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2022;11(1) View
  7. Bansal G, Rajgopal K, Chamola V, Xiong Z, Niyato D. Healthcare in Metaverse: A Survey on Current Metaverse Applications in Healthcare. IEEE Access 2022;10:119914 View
  8. Yu M, Yang M. Effectiveness and Utility of Virtual Reality Infection Control Simulation for Children With COVID-19: Quasi-Experimental Study. JMIR Serious Games 2022;10(2):e36707 View
  9. Omori K, Shigemoto N, Kitagawa H, Nomura T, Kaiki Y, Miyaji K, Akita T, Kobayashi T, Hattori M, Hasunuma N, Tanaka J, Ohge H. Virtual reality as a learning tool for improving infection control procedures. American Journal of Infection Control 2023;51(2):129 View
  10. Kamarianakis M, Chrysovergis I, Lydatakis N, Kentros M, Papagiannakis G. Less is More: Efficient Networked VR Transformation Handling Using Geometric Algebra. Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras 2023;33(1) View
  11. Wu Q, Wang Y, Lu L, Chen Y, Long H, Wang J. Virtual Simulation in Undergraduate Medical Education: A Scoping Review of Recent Practice. Frontiers in Medicine 2022;9 View
  12. Wu T, Ho C. A scoping review of metaverse in emergency medicine. Australasian Emergency Care 2023;26(1):75 View
  13. Pallavicini F, Pepe A, Clerici M, Mantovani F. Virtual Reality Applications in Medicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Systematic Review. JMIR Serious Games 2022;10(4):e35000 View
  14. Zikas P, Protopsaltis A, Lydatakis N, Kentros M, Geronikolakis S, Kateros S, Kamarianakis M, Evangelou G, Filippidis A, Grigoriou E, Angelis D, Tamiolakis M, Dodis M, Kokiadis G, Petropoulos J, Pateraki M, Papagiannakis G. MAGES 4.0: Accelerating the World’s Transition to VR Training and Democratizing the Authoring of the Medical Metaverse. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 2023;43(2):43 View
  15. Wong E, Hui R, Kong H. Perceived usefulness of, engagement with, and effectiveness of virtual reality environments in learning industrial operations: the moderating role of openness to experience. Virtual Reality 2023;27(3):2149 View
  16. Mergen M, Meyerheim M, Graf N. Towards Integrating Virtual Reality into Medical Curricula: A Single Center Student Survey. Education Sciences 2023;13(5):477 View
  17. Mühling T, Späth I, Backhaus J, Milke N, Oberdörfer S, Meining A, Latoschik M, König S. Virtual reality in medical emergencies training: benefits, perceived stress, and learning success. Multimedia Systems 2023;29(4):2239 View
  18. Babalola A, Manu P, Cheung C, Yunusa-Kaltungo A, Bartolo P. Applications of immersive technologies for occupational safety and health training and education: A systematic review. Safety Science 2023;166:106214 View
  19. Mergen M, Meyerheim M, Graf N. Reviewing the current state of virtual reality integration in medical education – a scoping review protocol. Systematic Reviews 2023;12(1) View
  20. Birrenbach T, Wespi R, Hautz W, Berger J, Schwab P, Papagiannakis G, Exadaktylos A, Sauter T. Development and usability testing of a fully immersive VR simulation for REBOA training. International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2023;16(1) View
  21. Wespi R, Birrenbach T, Schauber S, Manser T, Sauter T, Kämmer J. Exploring objective measures for assessing team performance in healthcare: an interview study. Frontiers in Psychology 2023;14 View
  22. Ullah H, Manickam S, Obaidat M, Laghari S, Uddin M. Exploring the Potential of Metaverse Technology in Healthcare: Applications, Challenges, and Future Directions. IEEE Access 2023;11:69686 View
  23. Bahadur A, Hargreaves F, Antinucci R, Sockalingam S, Abdool P. Virtual Reality Simulation for Suicide Risk Assessment Training: Prevalence of Adverse Effects. Academic Psychiatry 2024;48(1):57 View
  24. Sauter T, Krummrey G, Hautz W, Birrenbach T. Medical Extended Reality in der digitalen Notfallmedizin. Medizinische Klinik - Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin 2024;119(3):208 View
  25. Khodabakhshian N, Gaeul Lee K, Marawi T, Sorkhou M, Vyravanathan S, Harnett N. Virtual Reality for Developing Patient-Facing Communication Skills in Medical and Graduate Education: Protocol for a Scoping Review. JMIR Research Protocols 2024;13:e53901 View
  26. Nuutinen H, Bister V, Koljonen V. Virtual Reality simulation and Video Lecture are Equally Effective in Abscess Incision Training: A Multicentre Randomised Controlled Trial. Simulation & Gaming 2024;55(4):776 View
  27. Noll C, Golon S, Kloppenburg K, Kluwe L, Triefenbach A, Behrends M, Mücke U, Mikuteit M, Steffens S. Notfallkompetenzen für Medizinstudierende. Notfall + Rettungsmedizin 2024 View
  28. Alsswey A, Malak M, El-Qirem F. Effect of virtual reality on perceptions of usability, suitability, satisfaction, and self-efficacy among architecture and design university students. Architectural Science Review 2024:1 View
  29. Gholamalishahi S, Barletta V, Manai M, Battisti F, Centonze L, La Torre G, Mannocci A. Impact of immersive realities and metaverse in the university training for health professions and medicine: a systematic review of preliminary evidence. Journal of Public Health 2024 View
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Books/Policy Documents

  1. Padilla-Cáceres T, Caballero-Apaza L, Mamani-Cori V, Cervantes-Alagón S. Proceedings of the 7th Brazilian Technology Symposium (BTSym’21). View
  2. Gyll S, Shader K, Zikas P, Papagiannakis G. Designing Context-Rich Learning by Extending Reality. View